What Was The Purpose Of The 1907 Gentlemen`s Agreement Between The United States And Japan Quizlet

Tensions in San Francisco had risen, and since Japan`s decisive victory over Russia in 1905, Japan had demanded equal treatment. The result was a series of six notes communicated between Japan and the United States from late 1907 to early 1908. The immediate cause of the agreement was anti-Japanese nativism in California. In 1906, the San Francisco Board of Education passed an ordinance that required children of Japanese descent to attend separate and separate schools. At the time, Japanese immigrants made up about 1 percent of California`s population, many of whom had immigrated in 1894 under a treaty that promised free immigration from Japan. [3] [6] The Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (日米紳士協約, Nichibei Shinshi Kyōyaku) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, under which the United States would not impose any restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow emigration to the United States. The aim was to reduce tensions between the two Pacific countries. The agreement was never ratified by the United States Congress and replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. President Roosevelt had three goals to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California`s policies did not reflect the ideals of the entire country, to force San Francisco to repeal segregation policies, and to find a solution to the problem of immigration to Japan.

Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. By 1905, anti-Japanese rhetoric filled the pages of the San Francisco Chronicle, and Japanese Americans lived not only in Chinatown, but throughout the city. .