The pact has an immediate impact. The riots stopped in Kolkata. Historian Pallavi Raghavan finds that the net migration of Hindus to West Bengal has slowed. “The agreement has temporarily facilitated the scale of migration across the border, but more importantly, its conditions have validated and fulfilled a structure to tackle and regulate such a flow in both countries,” writes Pallavi Raghavan. It would be a mistake, however, to believe that Hindu nationalists were the only ones to criticize the Nehru Laiqat pact. While Mookerjee`s solutions were aberrable, West Bengal largely agreed with his diagnosis: the pact would play a limited role in supporting Hindus in eastern Pakistan. Historian Joya Chatterjee criticised Nehrus` insistence that “the rehabilitation of East Bengal refugees was unnecessary and in fact positively discouraged.” Liaquat Ali Khan was Prime Minister of Pakistan when he and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru signed an agreement in Delhi in 1950. The Delhi Pact is more often referred to as the Nehru-Liaquat Pact. And while Shah insists that this Union government has broken with Nehru when it comes to ignoring Bangladeshi refugees, there may be, ironically, more convergence than disagreement. The processes identified in the Citizenship Amendment Bill are so complicated that the Intelligence Bureau itself has found that only a few tens of thousands will benefit. And most of them will actually be Hindu migrants from Pakistan, not Bangladesh. The Nehru-Liaquat Pact, also known as the Delhi Pact, was a bilateral agreement between India and Pakistan to create a framework for the treatment of minorities in both countries. In his response, Swaran Singh said that the Nehru-Liaquat Pact of 1950 was a permanent agreement between India and Pakistan.
It obliges each country to ensure that its minorities enjoy full equality of nationality with others and receive treatment that is available to other nationals of their country. Finally, on April 2, 1950, Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan agreed to come to Delhi to talk with Nehru. While it had so far opposed a joint agreement, under the insinuation that it had been dictated by India, Pakistan gave in to these discussions and agreed to draw up a joint agreement. The Nehru-Liaquat Pact reaffirmed the rights of minorities. Minorities would be part of the provincial governments of East and West Bengal, while minority commissions would be established. The property of a person who had to flee would not be confiscated and the rioters would be punished. (ix) The Governments of India and Pakistan, as well as the State and Provincial Governments, will generally be the subject of recommendations when supported by the two Central Ministers. In case of disagreement between the two central ministers, the matter is referred to the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, who will resolve them themselves or determine the agency and procedure by which it will be resolved. Nehru and Liaquat opened the communication channel and agreed in April 1950. .