Conflict And Functionalist Theorists Are In Agreement That

Max Weber`s approach to the conflict (1864-1920) contrasted with Marx`s. While Marx focused on how individual behaviours are conditioned on social structure, Weber stressed the importance of “social action,” that is, the individual`s ability to influence social relationships. [11] Humanity therefore inevitably only asks itself the tasks it can perform, for further study will always show that the problem itself arises only if the material conditions of its solution already exist, or at least during training. In broad terms, Asian, ancient, feudal and modern bourgeois modes of production can be referred to as eras that mark progress in the economic development of society. The bourgeois mode of production is the last antagonistic form of the process of social production – antagonistic not in the sense of individual antagonism, but of an antagonism that emanates from the social conditions of the individual`s existence – but the productive forces that develop in bourgeois society also create the material conditions for a solution to this antagonism. The prehistory of human society is therefore closing in on this social formation. Gene Sharp (1928-2018) was Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. [13] He is known for his extensive writings on nonviolent struggle that have influenced many anti-government resistance movements around the world. In 1983, he founded the Albert Einstein Institution, a non-profit organization dedicated to the study and promotion of the use of nonviolent actions in conflicts around the world. [14] Sharp`s main theme is that power is not monolithic; that is, it is not the result of an intrinsic quality of leaders. For Sharp, political power, the power of each state – regardless of its particular structural organization – ultimately comes from the subjects of the state. His fundamental conviction is that any power structure rests on the obedience of subjects to the orders of the sovereign or sovereign. If the subjects do not obey, the leaders have no power.

Sharp has been described as both “Machiavelli of nonviolence” and “Clausewitz of nonviolent war.” [15] Sharp`s stock exchange has influenced resistance organizations around the world. More recently, the protest movement that toppled Egyptian President Mubarak has largely taken up his ideas, as well as the youth movement in Tunisia and the previous color revolutions in Eastern Europe that had been inspired by Sharp`s work. [16] In the social productions of their existence, people inevitably enter into concrete relationships beyond their control, namely production relationships adapted at a certain stage in the development of their material forces of production. All of these production reports represent the economic structure of society, the very basis on which a legal and political suprastructure is born and which corresponds to certain forms of social consciousness. The nature of the production of material living conditions of the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not people`s consciousness that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness. At some stage of development, the material productive forces of society are in conflict with existing production relationships, or – as is said legally – with the property relationships in which they have worked so far. The forms of development of productive forces make these relationships their links. This is when an era of social revolution begins. Changes in the economic base sooner or later lead to the transformation of the entire vast superstructure.